Trump Backtracker

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Climate Advisers tracks the implementation, revision and rollback of U.S. climate policy and provides regular analysis on what the loss of federal climate leadership means for the country’s climate emissions trajectory. Obama-era policies such as the Clean Power Plan were never intended to be ceilings to innovation in the real economy, but as floors representing the lowest acceptable reductions in climate pollution. Removing those floors would create enormous risk of increased climate pollution.

Our analysis defines “backtracking” as the removal of existing federal climate policies through executive orders, policy updates, and legislative actions under the Trump administration. Click the buttons below the table to see what the loss of that climate ambition could represent – and what offsetting that loss would require.

SEPTEMBER 2017 UPDATEClick here for a full PDF

How much is the U.S. reducing its climate ambition?

ONGOING BACKTRACKING
IN CLIMATE AMBITION:

18%

more CO2e in 2025 than the Obama trajectory

POTENTIAL BACKTRACKING
IN CLIMATE AMBITION:

35%

more CO2e in 2025 than the Obama trajectory

How much less CO2e could be reduced in 2025 by policy changes?

ONGOING BACKTRACKING
EQUAL TO ADDING:

215

million tons of CO2e in 2025

POTENTIAL BACKTRACKING
EQUAL TO ADDING:

427

million tons of CO2e in 2025

How many coal plants is that equal to adding?

ONGOING BACKTRACKING
EQUAL TO ADDING:

63

coal-fired power plants running for one year (Source: EPA)

POTENTIAL BACKTRACKING
EQUAL TO ADDING:

124

coal-fired power plants for one year (Source: EPA)

How many new wind turbines would we have to build to offset the Trump effect?

ONGOING BACKTRACKING
OFFSET BY ADDING:

54,296

wind turbines installed in 2025 (Source: EPA)

POTENTIAL BACKTRACKING
OFFSET BY ADDING:

107,835

wind turbines installed in 2025 (Source: EPA)

How many cars is that equal to adding?

ONGOING BACKTRACKING
EQUAL TO ADDING:

45,415,218

passenger vehicles driven for one year (Source: EPA)

POTENTIAL BACKTRACKING
EQUAL TO ADDING:

90,196,734

passenger vehicles driven for one year (Source: EPA)

How many tree seedlings would we need to plant to offset the Trump effect?

ONGOING BACKTRACKING
OFFSET BY PLANTING:

5,571,971,000

tree seedlings in 2025, grown for ten years (Source: EPA)

POTENTIAL BACKTRACKING
OFFSET BY PLANTING:

11,066,193,567

tree seedlings in 2025, grown for ten years (Source: EPA)

TOP FINDINGS

  • While many of the factors influencing today’s emissions trajectory can’t be reversed quickly, the “Trump Effect” really begins to bite into expected U.S. emissions in 2025, with nearly half a gigaton of additional climate pollution – the same as the pollution from electricity use for 60% of the homes in the entire country.
  • Of the emissions reductions expected to result from Obama administration policies in 2025, a whopping 215 million metric tons (mmt) of climate pollution – or 50% – currently come from policies that we judge highly vulnerable. 154 million tons, or 36%, come from moderately vulnerable policies. And just 14% of potential emissions cuts, or 58 mmt, are relatively safe and just rated vulnerable.
  • Promising changes in the real economy like increased deployment of renewables, consumer adoption of more efficient appliances, and early retirements of coal plants could help reduce emissions in lieu of federal leadership. However, backtracking from federal commitments inarguably slows the pace of reductions and makes the U.S. Paris pledge more difficult to achieve.

Scroll down to see how the loss of White House leadership could affect the U.S. climate pollution trajectory.

OBAMA VS TRUMP

President Obama left behind a rich climate legacy. The suite of policies moved forward during his administration put the United States on the path to meet both its 2020 and 2025 emissions targets.

The November 2016 election of Donald J. Trump to the Presidency of the United States left many in the environmental community scrambling to understand the implications of a Republican executive for President Obama’s climate legacy – and, more concretely, the U.S. emissions trajectory.

GRAPH: U.S. NET EMISSIONS TRAJECTORIES (% reduction by 2025)

OBAMA PATHWAY
OBAMA PATHWAY
WITHOUT HIGHLY VULNERABLE RULES
WITHOUT HIGHLY VULNERABLE RULES
WITHOUT HIGHLY & MODERATELY VULNERABLE RULES
WITHOUT HIGHLY & MODERATELY VULNERABLE RULES
ALL SCENARIOS
ALL SCENARIOS

Note: the reference case includes sinks. See similar scenarios without sinks >

 

POLICY VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENTClick here for a full PDF

We looked at new and updated policies in the power sector, transport sector, buildings and appliances, methane sources and hydrofluorocarbons in place at the end of the Obama Administration.1 Then, we looked at how vulnerable these policies are to rollback through one or more mechanisms available to the Trump administration. We found that the vast majority of Obama-era climate regulations are vulnerable to rollback, in three tiers:

  • Highly Vulnerable: These include well-known and controversial rules such as the Clean Power Plan (CPP) and the new source performance standards to limit methane emission for new oil and gas facilities.
  • Moderately Vulnerable: This category comprises the majority of all existing climate policies.. Here, we also include HFC emissions reductions mandated by the recently concluded amendment to the Montreal Protocol. Although the amendment is not as visible and contentious as the Paris Agreement—and increased reliance on HFC alternatives could be a boon for the U.S. companies that manufacture them—participation in any international body, especially one that requires a contribution of funds, will likely come under scrutiny in the Trump administration.
  • Vulnerable: Regulations that are likely safe are those that cannot be easily reversed through the CRA and/or those that were concluded as a result of negotiated rulemaking (i.e., in partnership with multiple stakeholders, including industry, government and civil society).

For each policy, we include the expected greenhouse gas mitigation potential of the action, as estimated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Department of Energy (DOE) or another relevant agency, through 2030.

HIGHLY VULNERABLE RULESClick here for a full PDF

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Clean Power Plan?
The CPP is the Obama Administration’s effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the U.S. power sector, traditionally the single largest source of greenhouse gasses in the U.S. economy2. Finalized in August 2015, it imposes the first binding limits on carbon pollution from existing power plants, the single largest source of greenhouse gasses in the U.S. economy. Although the plan’s overall potential impact is significant, its specific emissions reductions are somewhat difficult to define. In the final rule’s Regulatory Impact Analysis, the EPA noted that the plan would reduce CO2 by 64 million metric tons below business as usual (BAU) in 2020, 210 million metric tons CO2 in 2025 and 376 million metric tons CO2 in 2030.3 However, the BAU pathway used by the EPA to calculate this impact are substantially different from the emissions projections cited in the draft rule, as well as those arrived at by the EIA—the numbers we use here to build our reference case scenario. To address this issue, and make the CPP case comparable with our broader emissions projections, we use EIA’s rather than EPA’s figures for future power sector emissions.4 Using this logic, we obtain reductions of 25, 233, and 383 million metric tons CO2e in 2020, 2025, and 2030, respectively.
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Clean Power Plan?

The rule is final. It was published in the Federal Register in October 2015 and is not eligible for repeal under the Congressional Review Act. However, its implementation was stayed by the Supreme Court in February 2016. In March 2017, President Trump issued an Executive Order instructing the EPA to review the rule and take the necessary steps to revise or suspend it. This review is ongoing.

Why do we think this rule is Highly Vulnerable?

The rule is extremely controversial, and will likely be withdrawn or left unimplemented under this administration.

STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Hearth Products standard?
In February 2015, the DOE proposed new energy conservation standards for hearth products—gas-fueled fireplaces, gas log sets, freestanding stoves—sold in 2021 and later. If adopted as proposed, the new rules could reduce CO2 and methane emissions by over 11 and 3 million metric tons, respectively, by 2030. 5
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Hearth Products standard?

The proposed rule was not finalized by the last administration. There is no indication that the Trump DOE will take the steps to finalize it.

Why do we think this rule is Highly Vulnerable?

The rule is unlikely to be finalized.

STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Residential Furnace standard?

In September 2016, DOE revised its proposal to update energy conservation standards for residential gas furnaces, first issued in 2015. The revision tightens the efficiency requirements for most large furnaces to 92 percent while capping the required efficiency of smaller furnaces at 80 percent. The two-tiered system was created to avoid a big cost increase for small households located in warmer climates.

Industry has already threatened a lawsuit over the standard, which they claim would perversely incentivize repairmen to keep old furnaces in place longer than recommended, with dangerous consequences. The rule’s fate may be decided in an energy reform package now being debated in Congress. If finalized as proposed, the rule will avoid 4 million metric tons of CO2 emissions through 2030. 6

DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Residential Furnace standard?

The proposed rule was not finalized by the last administration and there is no indication that the Trump DOE will take the steps to finalize it.

Why do we think this rule is Highly Vulnerable?

The rule is unlikely to be finalized.

STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Residential Conventional Cooking Products standard?
DOE proposed updated energy conservation standards for ovens and other conventional cooking products in August 2016. The rule, which would affect products manufactured after 2019, would avoid 9.1 million metric tons of CO2 emissions through 2030 if finalized as proposed. It would also decrease CO2 and methane emissions by over one million metric tons CO2e during the same period.7
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Residential Conventional Cooking Products standard?
The proposed rule was not finalized by the last administration. There is no indication that the Trump DOE will take the steps to finalize it.
Why do we think this rule is Highly Vulnerable?

The rule is unlikely to be finalized.

STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the General Service Lamp standard?
In February of 2016, DOE rolled out new energy conservation standards for general service lamps, including incandescent, compact fluorescent and LED lamps sold after 2020. If finalized as proposed, the rule will avoid 14.5 million metric tons of CO2 emissions through 2030 and effectively phase out incandescent bulbs in favor of LEDs. 8
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the General Service Lamp standard?

The proposed rule was not finalized by the last administration. There is no indication that the Trump DOE will take the steps to finalize it.

Why do we think this rule is Highly Vulnerable?

The rule is unlikely to be finalized.

STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Commercial Water Heater standard?
DOE continued its rulemaking in May 2016 when it published a proposal for updated energy conservation standards for commercial water heaters. The rule, which will impact products sold in 2019 and later, is expected to avoid 15 million metric tons of CO2 emissions by 2030.9 If finalized as proposed, the rule will be one of the most impactful appliance standards (in terms of avoided emissions) to be issued in 2016.
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Commercial Water Heater standard?
The proposed rule was not finalized by the last administration. There is no indication that the Trump DOE will take the steps to finalize it.
Why do we think this rule is Highly Vulnerable?

The rule is unlikely to be finalized.

STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Ceiling Fan standard?
Toward the end of 2015, DOE proposed updated energy conservation standards for ceiling fans sold beginning in 2019. This comes on the heels of an attempt by House Republicans to block additional revisions to the standards through the FY2016 appropriations process (The final appropriations bill did not include this restriction.). If finalized as proposed, the rule is expected to reduce CO2 emissions by a cumulative 8.5 million metric tons through 2030.10 Methane and nitrous oxide emissions are small.
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Ceiling Fan standard?
The rule is final. It was published in the Federal Register in January 2017. However, its effective date, originally slated for January 2017, has been postponed to September 2017. Importantly, this does not impact the compliance date, the first year in which manufacturers would have to meet the standards.
Why do we think this rule is Highly Vulnerable?

The standards are very controversial. Riders in FY2016/2017 approriations legislation attempted to block their implementation. The riders were never enacted. They were also included in a list of rules that Senate Republican leaders see as top targets by released by Senator John Barrasso in late December 2016.

STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What are the New Source Performance Standards for new oil and gas facilities?
In May 2016, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finalized a long-awaited rule to limit methane emissions from new oil and gas production facilities, including drilling and pipeline infrastructure. The final regulation, which extends a 2012 rule requiring emissions capture at natural gas production facilities to hydraulically fractured oil wells and requires additional downstream emissions reductions, is stronger than the proposal issued by the agency in 2015. In part this is because it eliminates an exemption for low-producing wells that generate less than 15 barrels of oil equivalent per day. The rule, which will apply to facilities constructed or modified after August 2011, is expected to avoid 520,000 metric tons of methane (or 11.5 million metric tons of CO2e) pollution in 2025 and contribute about a tenth of the necessary emissions to reach the Obama administration’s goal to reduce oil and gas emissions by 40-45 percent in 2025 compared to 2012.11
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the New Source Performance Standards for new oil and gas facilities?
The rule is final. It was published in the Federal Register in June of 2016. However, in March 2017, President Trump issued an Executive Order instructing the EPA to review the rule and take the necessary to steps to revise or or suspend it. This review is ongoing.
What do we consider the New Source Performance Standards highly vulnerable?
The standards are extremely controversial. They will likely be withdrawn or left unimplemented under this administration.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What are the Venting and Flaring standards?
In November 2016, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) issued its final rule to limit natural gas venting and flaring on public land. Although only a small portion of total U.S. production occurs on public land, the rule results in significant methane emissions. A recent study commissioned by the Environmental Defense Fund found that, in 2013, natural gas losses from oil and gas operations on federal and tribal lands resulted in methane emissions of 25 million metric tons of CO2e enough to power 2.2 million homes for a year. The rule is expected to reduce methane emissions by about 40 million metric tons of CO2e through 2026 (the end year of the regulation’s environmental impact assessment).12
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Venting and Flaring standards for new oil and gas facilities?
The rule is final. It was published in the Federal Register in November 2016. An attempt to remove the rule through the Congressional Review Act (CRA) failed on May 10 by a vote of 49-51 (Senate roll call vote 125) with John McCain (R-AZ), Susan Collins (R-ME), and Lindsey Graham (R-SC) joining both independents and all Democrats in voting against the measure.
What do we consider the Venting and Flaring rule highly vulnerable?
The rule is very controversial. While the CRA vote failed, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) will review the standard with an eye toward revision or repeal as part of President Trump's Executive Order promoting Energy Independence and Economic Growth.
STATUS

MODERATELY VULNERABLE RULESClick here for a full PDF

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Ceiling Fan Light Kit standard?
In December 2015, DOE finalized energy conservation standards for ceiling fan light kits sold in 2019 and beyond. The standards are expected to reduce CO2 emissions by a relatively modest 3.1 million metric tons through 2030 and decrease emissions of methane and nitrous oxide by a little more than 200,000 metric tons CO2e.13
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Ceiling Fan Light Kit standard?
The rule has been finalized.
What do we consider the Ceiling Fan Light Kits standards moderately vulnerable?
The standards are controversial. Riders in FY2016/2017 approriations legislation attempted to block their implementation. The riders were never enacted.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Battery Charger standard?
In June 2016, DOE issued final updated energy conservation standards for battery chargers sold beginning in 2018. The rule is expected to reduce CO2 emissions by 4.4 million metric tons through 2030 and bring down methane and nitrous oxide emissions by a small sum.14
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Battery Charger standard?
The rule has been finalized.
What do we consider the Battery Charger standard moderately vulnerable?
The standards are controversial. They were included in a list of rules that Senate Republican leaders see as top targets by released by Senator John Barrasso in late December 2016.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Residential Dehumidifier standard?
In June 2016, DOE finalized new energy conservation standards for residential dehumidifiers, used in about 14 percent of U.S. homes, sold after 2019. The rule is expected to reduce CO2 emissions by nearly 5.3 million metric tons through 2030 and result in small additional decreases in methane and nitrous oxide.15
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Residential Dehumidifier standard?
The rule has been finalized.
What do we consider the Residential Dehumidifier standard moderately vulnerable?
The standards are controversial. They were included in a list of rules that Senate Republican leaders see as top targets by released by Senator John Barrasso in late December 2016.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Portable Air Conditioner standard?
In December 2016, DOE finalized first-ever energy conservation standards for portable air conditioners sold in 2022 and later. The rule is expected to avoid 4 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions through 2030 and result in small additional decreases in methane and nitrous oxide.16
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Portable AC standard?
The final rule was issued in December 2016. However, the Trump Administration’s freeze on new and pending regulations has kept DOE from sending the rule for publication in the Federal Register — the last step before a rule is finalized. It is unclear whether DOE will publish the final rule once the freeze is lifted.
What do we consider the Portable Air Conditioner standard moderately vulnerable?
The rule has not yet been sent to the Federal Register for publication, effectively halting its finalization.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Commercial Boiler standard?
In December 2016, DOE issued final energy conservation standards for commercial boilers manufactured beginning in 2020. The rule is expected to reduce CO2 emissions by a relatively modest 1.6 million metric tons through 2030 and result in negligible decreases in methane and nitrous oxide.17
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Commercial Boiler standard?
The final rule was issued in December 2016. However, the Trump Administration’s freeze on new and pending regulations has kept DOE from sending the rule for publication in the Federal Register — the last step before a rule is finalized. It is unclear whether DOE will publish the final rule once the freeze is lifted.
What do we consider the Commercial Boiler standard moderately vulnerable?
The rule has not yet been sent to the Federal Register for publication, effectively halting its finalization.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Backup Power Supply standard?
In December 2016, DOE published final efficiency standards for uninterruptable power supplies manufactured in 2019 and later. The standards are expected to avoid over 12 million metric tons of CO2 emissions through 2030 and result in negligible decreases in methane and nitrous oxide.18
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Back-Up Power Supply standard?
The final rule was issued in December 2016. However, the Trump Administration’s freeze on new and pending regulations has kept DOE from sending the rule for publication in the Federal Register — the last step before a rule is finalized. It is unclear whether DOE will publish the final rule once the freeze is lifted.
What do we consider the Back-Up Power Supply standard moderately vulnerable?
The rule has not yet been sent to the Federal Register for publication, effectively halting its finalization.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What are the Updated Performance Standards for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills?
In July of 2016, EPA finalized updated emissions guidelines and new source performance standards (NSPS) for municipal solid waste landfills—these are responsible for about a fifth of the U.S. total methane emissions. The updated guidelines and the NSPS are expected to avoid 90 and 13 million metric tons of CO2-equivalent methane emissions through 2030, a significant contribution from an often-forgotten source of methane pollution.19
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Updated Performance Standards for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills?
The rule has been finalized.
What do we consider the Updated Performance Standards for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills moderately vulnerable?
The standards are controversial. However, given a busy legislative calendar, the rule is unlikely to be a first target.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Montreal Protocol Phasedown?
In October 2016, parties to the Montreal Protocol adopted an Amendment that will facilitate the global phasedown of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), short-lived but potent climate pollutants. According to the agreed phasedown schedule, developed nations will be required to limit HFC consumption (expressed in CO2e) to 15 percent of its 2011-2013 baseline by 2036.20 Intermediate benchmarks set allowable consumption levels for 2019-23 (90 percent), 2024-28 (60 percent), 2029-33 (30 percent), and 2034-35 (20 percent). Although the agreement, known as the Kigali Amendment, has not yet entered into force—it will do so once at least 20 nations ratify it—we use the outlined phasedown schedule to calculate possible mitigation in 2020, 2025 and 2030. By subtracting “allowable” emissions, calculated in each year as a percentage of the 2011-2013 baseline as define by the Kigali schedule, from the projected emissions as estimated by the EPA,21 we estimate that implementation of the Kigali Amendment will avoid 114, 217, and 277 million metric tons CO2e in 2020, 2025, and 2030, respectively.22
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Montreal Protocol Phasedown?
The Trump administration has said nothing about the Montreal Protocol Phasedown.
What do we consider the Montreal Protocol Phasedown moderately vulnerable?
There has already been some discussion about submitting the amendment to the Senate for approval, and this is an unlikely early target.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What are the Refrigerant Management Requirements?
In September 2016, EPA finalized an update to existing refrigerant management requirements under Section 608 of the Clean Air Act, which described the National Recycling and Emission Reduction Program. Among other requirements, the update a) extends the Refrigerant Management Program requirements to substitute refrigerants such as HFCs, b) lowers the thresholds at which a leak requires repairs, and c) requires more regular leak inspections of refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment. EPA estimates that the update will avoid 7-8 million metric tons CO2e emissions annually.23
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Refrigerant Management Requirements?
The rule has been finalized.
What do we consider the Refrigerant Management Requirements vulnerable?
The standards are controversial. However, given a busy legislative calendar, the rule is unlikely to be a first target.
STATUS

VULNERABLE RULESClick here for a full PDF

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What are the CAFE Standards for Heavy Vehicles?
In August of this year, the EPA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) finalized new fuel efficiency standards for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles representing model years 2019-2027. The move builds on fuel efficiency requirements issued in 2011, covering model year 2014-2018, and for the first time sets efficiency standards for tractor trailers exempt from Phase I of the rulemaking. Phase II is expected to reduce carbon pollution by 1.1 billion metric tons over the lifetime of vehicles sold under the program and,24 together with Phase I, reduce fuel use by 25-48 percent, depending on the vehicle type.25 The final rule is stricter than the June 2015 proposed version due to expectations that fuel saving technologies will be available sooner than anticipated. We estimate emissions reductions from the rule by plotting the total reduction figures provided in the Regulatory Impact Analysis for 2025, 2040, and 2050 and fitting a trendline through the points.26 The resulting emissions savings amount to 36 million metric tons CO2e in 2025 and 70 million metric tons CO2e in 2030. Because the regulation applies to trucks manufactured in 2019 and beyond, its impact on 2020 emissions is negligible.
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the CAFE Standards for Heavy Vehicles?
The rule has been finalized.
What do we consider the CAFE Standards for Heavy Vehicles likely safe?
The rule has some industry support.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the standard for Commercial Clothes Washers
In December 2014, DOE issued final energy conservation standards for commercial clothes washers sold in 2018 and beyond. The new standard will result in relatively modest CO2 emissions reductions, equivalent to approximately 1.2 million metric tons through 2030.27 To estimate annual emissions reductions, we again assumed a linear incremental increase in year-to-year cuts for a total of 1.2 million metric tons over the next 12 years. Additional GHG benefits in terms of nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) emissions reductions were only provided as a cumulative figure over the life of the appliances. We estimated the annual emissions reductions of these gases through 2030 by multiplying the annual CO2 figure by the ratio of the lifetime nitrous oxide and methane to CO2 emissions reductions.
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the standard for Commercial Clothes Washers?
The rule has been finalized.
What do we consider the standard for Commercial Clothes Washers likely safe?
The rule is already in effect, although compliance begins on January 1, 2018.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the standard for Wine Chillers and Other Beverage Coolers?
Finalized in October 2016, the rule sets the first-ever energy conservation standards for miscellaneous refrigeration products manufactured after 2019, including wine chillers and other beverage coolers. The standards—the outcome of negotiations between manufacturers, DOE staff and energy efficiency advocates—are expected to avoid 20.2 million metric tons of CO2 and reduce methane and nitrous oxide emissions by another 2 million metric tons of CO2e through 2030.28
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the standard for Commercial Clothes Washers?
The rule has been finalized.
What do we consider the standard for Wine Chillers and Other Beverage Coolers likely safe?
This rule represents negotiated rulemaking between DOE, industry and civil society.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Residential Central Air Conditioner and Heat Pump standard?
Finalized in January 2017, the rule updates energy conservation standards for central air conditioners and heat pumps manufactured beginning in 2021. An example of negotiated rulemaking between manufacturers, DOE regulatory staff and efficiency advocates, the rule is expected to reduce CO2 emissions by 13.3 million metric tons through 2030 and result in small additional decreases in methane and nitrous oxide.29
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Residential Central Air Conditioner and Heat Pump standard?
The standard has been finalized.
What do we consider the Residential Central Air Conditioner and Heat Pump standard likely safe?
This rule represents negotiated rulemaking between DOE, industry and civil society.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Swimming Pool Pumps standard?
DOE finalized first-ever energy conservation standards for pool pumps in December 2016. The direct final rule, part of a group of rulemakings that have resulted from an agreement between manufacturers, DOE staff and efficiency advocates, is expected to avoid 48 million metric tons of CO2 emissions through 2030 and reduce methane and nitrous oxide emissions by another 5.4 million metric tons of CO2e.30
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Swimming Pool Pumps standard?
The standard has been finalized.
What do we consider the Swimming Pool Pumps standard likely safe?
This rule represents negotiated rulemaking between DOE, industry and civil society.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the Walk-In Freezer standard?
Finalized in December 2016, the rule updates energy conservation standards for walk-in coolers and freezers manufactured in 2020 and later. The standards are expected to reduce CO2 emissions by 7.4 million metric tons through 2030 and decrease emissions of methane and nitrous oxide by about 830,000 metric tons of CO2e.31
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the Walk-In Freezer standard?
The final rule was issued in December 2016. However, the Trump Administration’s freeze on new and pending regulations has kept DOE from sending the rule for publication in the Federal Register — the last step before a rule is finalized. It is unclear whether DOE will publish the final rule once the freeze is lifted.
What do we consider the Walk-in Cooler and Freezer standard likely safe?
This rule represents negotiated rulemaking between DOE, industry and civil society.
STATUS

 

OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
What is the SNAP Status Change Rule 21?
Following 2015’s SNAP status change rule (SNAP rule #20), which prohibited the use of certain HFCs with high global warming potentials as alternatives to ozone-depleting substances, EPA issued the 21st rule under the program. The regulation, which finalized in September 2016, prohibits the use of several additional substitutes and expands the list of available alternatives. The rule is expected to reduce future HFC emissions by up to seven and 11 million metric tons CO2e in 2025 and 2030, respectively.
DESCRIPTION
What is the status of the SNAP Status Change Rule 21?
The rule has been finalized.
What do we consider the SNAP Status Change Rule 21 vulnerable?
The standards are controversial. However, given a busy legislative calendar, the rule is unlikely to be a first target.
STATUS


  1. This list represents the policies that are not included in reference case emissions projections.